After losing its status as capital, Auckland remained the principal city of the Auckland Province until the provincial system was abolished in 1876. , Auckland is experiencing substantial population growth via natural population increases (one-third of growth) and immigration (two-thirds), and is set to grow to an estimated 1.9 million inhabitants by 2031 in a medium-variant scenario. , Around 48.5 percent of Aucklanders at the 2013 census affiliated with Christianity and 11.7 percent affiliated with non-Christian religions, while 37.8 percent of the population were irreligious and 3.8 percent objected to answering.  Nevertheless, the majority of Aucklanders live in single dwelling housing and are expected to continue to do so â even with most of future urban growth being through intensification.. They also allowed further massive expansion that resulted in the growth of suburban areas such as the North Shore (especially after the construction of the Auckland Harbour Bridge in the late 1950s), and Manukau City in the south. Interactive enhanced satellite map for Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.  It is located in the Auckland Regionâthe area governed by Auckland Councilâwhich includes outlying rural areas and the islands of the Hauraki Gulf, resulting in a total population of 1,717,500. Many Auckland beaches are patrolled by surf lifesaving clubs, such as Piha Surf Life Saving Club the home of Piha Rescue. The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (gender, age groups, age distribution, religion, country of birth, ethnic group). , Recent immigration from Asia has added to the religious diversity of the city, increasing the number of people affiliating with Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam and Sikhism, although there are no figures on religious attendance. One Tree Hill (Maungakiekie) Natural Feature. Legend changes on crime/area selection ... , Auckland, Hamilton, Tauranga, Napier-Hastings, Rotorua, Palmerston North, New Plymouth, Wellington, Nelson, Christchurch, Queenstown, Dunedin, Invercargill. #1 Auckland Region Wikivoyage The Auckland Region is in the North Island of New Zealand. Auckland forms New Zealand's largest urban area. Rugby union, cricket, rugby league, association football (soccer) and netball are widely played and followed. Central Auckland North Auckland South Auckland East Auckland West Auckland Hauraki Gulf and Islands Maps and guides Taste . There were 665,202 males and 680,886 females, giving a sex ratio of 0.977 males per female. There are also direct connections to many locations in the South Pacific, as well as the United States, China, Asia, Vancouver, London, Santiago and Buenos Aires. Auckland has the largest ethnic Polynesian population of any city in the world. All surf lifesaving clubs are part of the Surf Life Saving Northern Region. Major markets include those held in Åtara and Avondale on weekend mornings. The west coast has popular surf beaches such as Piha, Muriwai and Te Henga (Bethells Beach). Interactive Map of Auckland area. Soon after signing the Treaty, Te Kawau offered land on the WaitematÄ Harbour to the new Governor of New Zealand, William Hobson, for his new capital, which Hobson named for George Eden, Earl of Auckland, then Viceroy of India. There have been several notable power outages in Auckland. North Island (pdf, 1.5 MB) Northland (pdf, 302 KB) WaitematÄ (pdf, 1.1 MB) Auckland (pdf, 1.5 MB) Counties Manukau (pdf, 1.2 MB) Waikato (pdf, 1004 KB) Bay of Plenty (pdf, 679 KB) Taranaki (pdf, 475 KB) Lakes (pdf, 676 KB) Tairawhiti (pdf, 419 KB) ", "Subnational population estimates tables", "Auckland Transport Plan landmark for transport sector", "Auckland offering more flights than ever to international destinations", Backtracking Auckland: Bureaucratic rationality and public preferences in transport planning, US Urban Personal Vehicle & Public Transport Market Share from 1900, "SkyPath over Auckland Harbour Bridge gets green light", "A crisis recalled: The power cuts that plunged the Auckland CBD in darkness for five weeks", "Forklift sparks blackout for thousands â tvnz.co.nz", "International relations - NgÄ Whakawhanaunga TÅ«Ärangi o te Ao", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Auckland&oldid=991615872, Former provincial capitals of New Zealand, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from June 2013, All Wikipedia articles written in New Zealand English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from July 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2007, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, ÐÐµÐ»Ð°ÑÑÑÐºÐ°Ñ (ÑÐ°ÑÐ°ÑÐºÐµÐ²ÑÑÐ°)â, Srpskohrvatski / ÑÑÐ¿ÑÐºÐ¾Ñ ÑÐ²Ð°ÑÑÐºÐ¸, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Auckland's men's first class cricket team, the, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 23:57. Auckland Airport is possibly not the first place to spring to mind, unless youâre an avid plane spotter. Roman Catholicism is the largest Christian denomination with 13.3 percent affiliating, followed by Anglicanism (9.1 percent) and Presbyterianism (7.4 percent). The Auckland Botanic Gardens are further south, in Manurewa. #31 of 386 Outdoor Activities in Auckland. We can create the map for you! Do you like this map? Bus services in Auckland are mostly radial, with few cross-town routes. Outlying defensive towns were then constructed to the south, stretching in a line from the port village of Onehunga in the west to Howick in the east.  Nonetheless, Auckland ranked third in a survey of the quality of life of 215 major cities of the world (2015 data)..  This, and continued road building towards the south into the Waikato, enabled PÄkehÄ (European New Zealanders) influence to spread from Auckland.  Following the opening of Britomart Transport Centre in 2003, major investment in Auckland's rail network occurred, involving station upgrades, rolling stock refurbishment and infrastructure improvements.  The five-week-long 1998 Auckland power crisis blacked out much of the CBD after a cascade failure occurred on four underground cables in Mercury Energy's sub-transmission network. Auckland lies between the Hauraki Gulf to the east, then extending in Hunua Ranges to the south-east, the Manukau Harbour to the south-west, and the WaitÄkere Ranges and smaller ranges to the west and north-west. South and East Auckland map Sparkling blue waters, white-sand beaches, rolling countryside, boutique wineries and the largest native rainforest in the East Auckland region. © Jon Sparks / Alamy Stock Photo. Bridges span parts of both harbours, notably the Auckland Harbour Bridge crossing the WaitematÄ Harbour west of the central business district. View Larger Map Top Places.  The introduction of firearms at the end of the eighteenth century, which began in Northland, upset the balance of power and led to devastating intertribal warfare beginning in 1807, causing iwi who lacked the new weapons to seek refuge in areas less exposed to coastal raids. While most volcanic cones in the Auckland volcanic field have been affected by quarrying, many of the remaining cones are now within parks, and retain a more natural character than the surrounding city. The Auckland Plan - page containing all maps in the Auckland Plan.  Auckland is connected with other cities through bus services operated by InterCity. Immigration to New Zealand is heavily concentrated towards Auckland (partly for job market reasons).  Snowfall is extremely rare: the most significant fall since the start of the 20th century was on 27 July 1939, when snow stuck to the clothes of people outdoors just before dawn and five centimetres (2 in) of snow reportedly lay on Mount Eden. Ferries provide transport to parks and nature reserves at Devonport, Waiheke Island, Rangitoto Island and Tiritiri Matangi. Some are several kilometres long. , The Auckland urban area had a usual resident population of 1,346,091 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 122,343 people (10.0%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 212,484 people (18.7%) since the 2006 census. The surrounding hills are covered in rainforest and the landscape is dotted with 53 dormant volcanic cones. He was re-elected for a second term in October 2013.  It is the warmest main centre of New Zealand and is also one of the sunniest, with an average of 2,003.1 sunshine hours per annum. A Royal Commission on Auckland Governance was set up in 2007, and in 2009 it recommended a unified local governance structure for Auckland by amalgamating the councils. For wider and more generalised geological context of the Auckland area, a 1:250 000 geological map was printed with accompanying explanatory text. , At the 2013 Census, 39.1 percent of Auckland's population were born overseas; in the local board areas of Puketapapa and Howick, overseas-born residents outnumbered those born in New Zealand. The passing of the Energy Companies Act 1992 saw all three EPBs corporatised to become Power New Zealand, Mercury Energy, and Counties Power respectively. The resident population of all statistical areas (level 2; SA2) in Auckland Main Urban Area according to official estimates. Auckland was connected to the Maui gas field in 1982 following the completion of a high pressure pipeline from the Maui gas pipeline near Huntly, via the city, to Whangarei in Northland.. The first area is South Auckland. West Auckland from Mapcarta, the free map. Get your personal map homepage and much more for free.. Auckland hotel and flight reservations Book hotel in Auckland online and save money. 333 reviews. A number of arts events are held in Auckland, including the Auckland Festival, the Auckland Triennial, the New Zealand International Comedy Festival, and the New Zealand International Film Festival. Auckland was replaced as the capital in 1865 by Wellington, but the city continued to grow, initially because of its port and logging and gold mining in its hinterland, later from pastoral farming (especially dairy farming), and manufacturing in the city itself. From 1989 to 2010, Auckland was governed by several city and district councils, with regional oversight by Auckland Regional Council. Mercury Energy split into two companies, Mercury Energy (retailing) and Vector (distribution), with Mercury Energy sold to Mighty River Power (which was renamed Mercury Energy in 2016).  The WaitematÄ Harbour has several swimming beaches, including Mission Bay and Kohimarama on the south side of the harbour, and Stanley Bay on the north side. Other state highways within Auckland include State Highway 16 (the Northwest Motorway), State Highway 18 (the Upper Harbour Motorway) and State Highway 20 (the Southwest Motorway). The majority of settlers in the early period were assisted by receiving cheap passage to New Zealand. Maps and datasets from this initiative will start being released in late 2018. The high pressure transmission pipelines supplying the city are now owned and operated by First Gas, with Vector owning and operating the medium and low pressure distribution pipelines in the city. Private charter small group tour! Meanwhile, traffic problems, the lack of good public transport, and increasing housing costs have been cited by many Aucklanders as among the strongest negative factors of living there, together with crime.  The largest commercial and industrial areas of the Auckland Region are Auckland CBD and the western parts of Manukau, mostly bordering the Manukau Harbour and the Tamaki River estuary.  Auckland hosted the America's Cup and Louis Vuitton Cup in 2000 and 2003, and is scheduled to host the 2021 America's Cup. Rangitoto's size, its symmetry, its position guarding the entrance to WaitematÄ Harbour and its visibility from many parts of the Auckland region make it Auckland's most iconic natural feature. , Positive aspects of Auckland life are its mild climate, plentiful employment and educational opportunities, as well as numerous leisure facilities.  The per-capita GDP of Auckland was estimated at NZ$58,717, the third-highest in the country after the Taranaki and Wellington regions, and above the national average of NZ$54,178. Auckland is the major economic and financial centre of New Zealand. , The city is home to some of the largest schools in terms of students in New Zealand, including Mt Albert Grammar School, the second largest school in New Zealand with a student population of 3035, and Rangitoto College in the East Coast Bays area, the largest school in New Zealand with 3307 students as of March 2020. The city's population grew fairly rapidly, from 1,500 in 1841 to 3,635 in 1845, then to 12,423 by 1864. The central part of the urban area occupies a narrow isthmus between the Manukau Harbour on the Tasman Sea and the WaitematÄ Harbour on the Pacific Ocean. Despite being one of the most expensive cities in the world, Auckland is recognised as one of the world's most liveable cities, ranked third in the 2019 Mercer Quality of Living Survey. In 2009, much of the northern and western suburbs, as well as all of Northland, experienced a blackout when a forklift accidentally came into contact with the ÅtÄhuhu to Henderson 220 kV line, the only major line supplying the region. The 1998 electricity sector reforms required electricity companies to split their lines and supply business and sell one of them off. Queen Street, Britomart, Ponsonby Road, Karangahape Road, Newmarket and Parnell are major retail areas. . Auckland's volcanoes are fuelled entirely by basaltic magma, unlike the explosive subduction-driven volcanism in the central North Island, such as at Mount Ruapehu and Lake Taupo which are of tectonic origin. Between 1842 and 1865, Auckland was the capital city of New Zealand. It has an advanced market economy with strengths in finance, commerce, and tourism. Greyhound racing is held at Manukau Stadium. Because of its rich acidic soil and the type of flora growing out of the rocky soil, only a few birds and insects inhabit the island. The administrative offices of the Government of the Pitcairn Islands is situated in Auckland. The outermost suburbs are Orewa in the north, Papakura in the south, Henderson in the west and Howick in the east. However, after the Second World War the city's transport system and urban form became increasingly dominated by the motor vehicle. Auckland comprises a diversity of architectural styles owing to its early beginnings as a settlement, to the Victorian era right through to the contemporary era of the late 20th century. , Auckland occasionally suffers from air pollution due to fine particle emissions. The isthmus on which Auckland resides was first settled c. 1350 and was valued for its rich and fertile land.  Auckland is home to over half (51.6 percent) of New Zealand's overseas born population, including 72 percent of the country's Pacific Island-born population, 64 percent of its Asian-born population, and 56 percent of its Middle Eastern and African born population. Auckland also benefited from a surge in tourism, which brought 75 percent of New Zealand's international visitors through its airport. Rail services operate along four lines between the CBD and the west, south and south-east of Auckland, with longer-distance trains operating to Wellington only a few times each week.  After a British colony was established in 1840, William Hobson, then Lieutenant-Governor of New Zealand, chose the area as his new capital. Auckland's population of ex-soldiers was far greater than that of other settlements: about 50 percent of the population was Irish, which contrasted heavily with the majority English settlers in Wellington, Christchurch or New Plymouth. Auckland has at least 14 large lava tubes which run from the volcanoes down towards the sea.  Auckland still ranks quite low in its use of public transport, having only 46 public transport trips per capita per year, while Wellington has almost twice this number at 91, and Sydney has 114 trips. Auckland also has a total length of approximately 21,000 kilometres (13,000 mi) of rivers and streams, about 8 percent of these in urban areas. The high-variant scenario shows the region's population growing to over two million by 2031. Hotels in Auckland area » The trend is for the latest eruptions to occur in the northwest of the field. Centred on the Auckland metropolitan area, it also includes a large rural area, stretching as far north as the Wellsford district.  Auckland has been described as having 'the most extensive range of timbered housing with its classical details and mouldings in the world', many of them Victorian-Edwardian style houses. Auckland CBD is connected to coastal suburbs, to the North Shore and to outlying islands by ferry. Beyond these suburbs lie the towns of Wellsford, Warkworth and Helensville to the north, and Clevedon, Pukekohe and Waiuku to the south.  As of 2007[update], there are around 50 New Zealand Qualifications Authority (NZQA) certified schools and institutes teaching English in the Auckland area.. Tourism in Auckland yields strong revenue for the New Zealand economy. An electric train of Auckland's metro rail system. New arrivals from Hong Kong, Taiwan and Korea gave a distinctive character to the areas where they clustered, while a range of other immigrants introduced mosques, Hindu temples, halal butchers and ethnic restaurants to the suburbs. , The Auckland urban area has 340 primary schools, 80 secondary schools, and 29 composite (primary/secondary combined) schools as of February 2012, catering for nearly quarter of a million students. 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