1824: Tariff of … 1816 The 14th Congress passed the Tariff Act of 1816 levying a series of 25 percent duties designed to encourage domestic manufacturing. Made for the protection of infant American industry, not for revenue. The Tariff of 1816 (also known as the Dallas tariff) is notable as the first tariff passed by Congress with an explicit function of protecting U.S. manufactured items from overseas competition. The Tariff of 1816 placed a high tax on English cotton cloth in an effort to protect the New England textile industry. Prior to the War of 1812, tariffs had primarily served to raise revenues to operate the national government. Historians, in examining this act, have been im-pressed by the strong support given it … Tariff of 1816-A Reappraisal By NORRIS W. PREYER IN 1816 THE UNITED STATES PASSED ITS FIRST PROTECTIVE TARIFF, the principal aim of which was to place high duties on cotton and wool textiles. Tariff of 1816: first protective tariff in American history, created primarily to shield New England manufacturers from the inflow of British goods after the War of 1812. Tariffs eventually spread to other imported goods like wool, hemp, and iron. He reasoned that such a stimulus to manufacturers was both unconstitutional and inexpedient, for Congress had been given the power to levy duties only for raising revenue, and… …the tariff question, opposing the protective tariffs of 1816 and 1824, which were harmful to the dominant commercial interests of New England. The Tariff of 1816 (also known as the Dallas tariff) is notable as the first tariff passed by Congress with an explicit function of protecting U.S. manufactured items from foreign competition. 1816 The 14th Congress passed the Tariff Act of 1816 levying a series of 25 percent duties designed to encourage domestic manufacturing. Tariff of 1816 After freedom from Britain was attained in War of 1812, mother England was trying to pour in the over-flow of manufactured goods into our markets. This protective tariff helped American industry by raising the prices of British manufactured goods, which were often cheaper and of higher quality than those produced in the U.S. In the wake of the conflict with Britain, nationalist war-hawks like Henry Clay and John Calhoun sought to nurture independent industry that had sprung up during the Embargo era, while reducing reliance on British manufactures. Tariff of 1816 (Dallas Tariff), also known as Dallas Tariff; An Act to Regulate the Duties on Imports and Tonnage; Act of April 27, 1816 by United States. Sectionalism/Tariff of 1816 The Tariff of 1816 Cloth made in United States Cost = $6.00 Protective Tariff =$1.25 British cloth in United States Cost= $5.00 +$1.25 Tariff Final Cost= $6.25 Cloth made in Britain Cost=$5.00 Effects of a Protective Tariff, 1810-1840 Exports Imports Prior to the War of 1812, tariffs had primarily served to raise revenues to operate the national government. Year Name Description; 1789: Tariff of 1789: Primarily for revenue; some protection for "infant industries;" (Washington administration).1816: Tariff of 1816: First protective tariff; Clay and Calhoun supported as part of American System; Southern cotton growers opposed; (Madison administration). Congress The Tariff of 1816 protected the British businesses from the the American Business.