Where: gardens, parks, scrub, hedgerows and woods, especially oak and beech woods. Estimate full grown height: Up to 10m Thriving in sun or part shade, the berries can take up to two years to ripen. The Woodland Trust and Woodland Trust Nature Detectives logos are registered trademarks. The name gin itself is derived from either the French genièvre or the Dutch jenever, which both mean "juniper". Look out for: needles that have a single pale band on the upper surface and are grey-green beneath.  It was also used as an adulterant, as reported in Pliny the Elder's Natural History: "Pepper is adulterated with juniper berries, which have the property, to a marvellous degree, of assuming the pungency of pepper. Juniper (Juniperus communis) is an evergreen shrub found on mountains and heaths throughout Europe, Southwest Asia, and North America.The tree grows to a height of 6-25 ft (2-8 m) and has stiff, pointed needles that grow to 0.4 in (1 cm) long. Small mammals like wood mice and dormice also enjoy them. Burning juniper on Walpurgis Night is said to keep witches away. When: November to February. Images © protected Woodland Trust. Juniper berries ripen during 2 to 3 years. We have single trees and tree packs to meet your needs, from wildlife to woodfuel. Juniper berries, including Juniperus phoenicea and Juniperus oxycedrus have been found in ancient Egyptian tombs at multiple sites. For Romans, these berries are great medicines for all kinds of ailments. They have also recently become a popular ingredient in liqueurs and sauces and are used as a spice, particularly in European cuisine. The Tam Juniper shrub (Juniperus sabina) is native to southern Europe and is popular for landscaping in the US. They are used both fresh and dried, but their flavour and odour are at their strongest immediately after harvest and decline during drying and storage. These drought tolerant plants do not like wet soil. Create small furrows in the soil roughly 6 inches apart and 1 to 2 inches deep. Juniper berries have a citrusy smell. Value to wildlife: lots of birds eat the berries, including the fieldfare, song thrush, mistle thrush and ring ouzel. Although they are well-known to the desert and mountainous areas, that is not the only place juniper plants grow. Diuretic and kidney stimulant. There are even people that make small bonsai trees out of the juniper. They can suffer, if over watered. One of only three conifer species native to the UK, common juniper is most often found as a low-growing, spreading shrub or small tree. Common Juniper Juniperus communis Common juniper is a sprawling, evergreen shrub that tends to grow in colonies on chalk downland, moorland, rocky slopes and coastal heaths. Many berries are commonly available in grocery stores, but other, equally delicious ones are abundant in the wild. The female cones look like blueberries.Identified in winter by: its needles which are present all year round. Juniper plants, shrubs, and trees grow naturally all over the Northern Hemisphere from icy arctic climates to sweltering deserts. Juniperus communis. Other common names common juniper juniper Synonyms Juniperus intermedia. , A few North American juniper species produce a seed cone with a sweeter, less resinous flavor than those typically used as a spice. The Greeks used juniper berries as an herb for purification ceremonies and to increase physical stamina (particularly for athletes), recording the use of juniper berries as medicine long before they were said to start using the berries as a spice in foods. There are even people that make small bonsai trees out of the juniper. The bark is grey-brown and peels with age. Juniper is low maintenance and easy to grow. Common juniper is native to the UK, Europe and much of the northern hemisphere.  Other juniper-flavoured beverages include the Finnish rye-and-juniper beer known as sahti, which is flavored with both juniper berries and branches. A common juniper will grow at a rate of about 4 to 8 inches per year. , Another drink made from the berries is a Julmust, a soft drink made in Sweden mainly sold during Christmas. Calling all gin lovers: 7 steps to growing your own juniper at home. Traditional recipes for choucroute garnie, an Alsatian dish of sauerkraut and meats, universally include juniper berries. 1982873.  They also season pork, cabbage, and sauerkraut dishes. Juniper berries are used in northern European and particularly Scandinavian cuisine to "impart a sharp, clear flavor" to meat dishes, especially wild birds (including thrush, blackbird, and woodcock) and game meats (including boar and venison). What Do Juniper Berries Taste Like? The berries produce an oil which can be used to aid respiratory and digestive problems, and was once considered a good method to terminate a pregnancy. Juniper berries . Some junipers are given the common name "cedar," including Juniperus virginiana, the "red cedar" that is used widely in cedar drawers and closets. If you put him there, he will most likely not die immediately. The aromatic wood has a warm, sandy, golden colour and is used for wood turning and carving as well as for burning to smoke food. It is most often found as a low-growing, spreading shrub or small tree. Common junipers prefer full-sun locations where they receive a minimum of six to eight hours of direct sun each day. Much of the world’s supply of juniper berries are grown in eastern Europe where they are harvested in autumn and dried in the shade to avoid losing the oil. The dried berries … When: year-round. They aren’t too picky about the soils in which they grow, with the exception of their dislike for an extremely wet one. Juniper Description. However, in Scotland it has been decreasing for the last few decades. A Spartan juniper is much larger and grows at a rate of 10 to 18 inches per year. Juniper berries . They thrive in mild … It might also be effective in fighting bacteria and viruses. The plants need full sun and a well drained soil. Use well-draining soil to make sure your juniper grows well in a wide range of temperatures. Mature trees can reach a height of 10m and live for up to 200 years. Blue Star Juniper.
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