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L 63)", "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Hippeastrum", "Huntington's Disease Association Northern Ireland", International Union for Conservation of Nature, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hippeastrum&oldid=991284911, Articles with incomplete citations from June 2020, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from June 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from November 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from June 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 07:29. Striatfolium. The flowers are arranged in umbelliform inflorescences which are pauciflor or pluriflor (2-14 flowers), supported on an erect hollow scape (flower stem) which is 20–75 cm (12"–30") tall and 2.5–5 cm (1"–2") in diameter with two free bracts forming a spathe which is bivalve with free leaflets at its base. His 1878 classification included 47 species, reduced to 38 by 1888. [40] Clifford's herbarium is now preserved at the Natural History Museum in London. Missouri Bot. The rest of the Amaryllis species he transferred to other genera, several of which he created. These are light, and easily carried on the surface of water ensuring distribution of the species during the rainy season. They will need year-round light even inside. Johnson's amaryllis is another name for this bulb, in honor of the hybridizer and English watchmaker, Mr. Johnson. Most of the cut stems are the "large-flowered hybrids", often of obscure parentage, though many are derived from Hippeastrum vittatum (L’Hérit.) Herbert's fourteen species included this Hippeastrum equestre. [52] Brazil also produces 17 million Hippeastrum bulbs annually. Amaryllis (Hippeastrum) Hippeastrum, Large Flowering Amaryllis, Double Amaryllis, Cybister Amaryllis, Galaxy Amaryllis, Diamond Amaryllis, Spider Amaryllis (Hippeastrum) Amaryllis bulbs (Hippeastrum) are flowers of choice to take the gray chill out of winter with their audacious, sexy tropical-looking blossoms in the dead of winter! [52][63], Leopoldii hybrids arose from the work of the British explorer and botanist Richard Pearce, an employee of James Veitch & Sons, a plant nursery. Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. Synonyms; Amaryllis reginae L. Aschamia reginae Salisb. The anthers are dorsifixed or versatile. [78], The bulb is tender and should not be exposed to frost, but is otherwise easy to grow with large rewards for small efforts, especially those that bloom inside during the winter months. fil.) is a synonym of Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. They require warmth, frequent watering, and should not be given a dormant period. Mga kasarigan. Mexican lily. Gaillardia spp. 10 (1759) and Species Plantarum ed. Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. Hippeastrum species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Spodoptera picta (crinum grub)[69] as well as Pseudococcidae (mealybugs), large, and small narcissus bulb flies (Eumerus strigatus and E. funeralis), thrips, mites, aphids, snails and slugs. [40] This work commenced in 1819 with the contributions of the English botanist, the Revd. In 1753 Carl Linnaeus created the name Amaryllis belladonna, the type species of the genus Amaryllis, in his Species Plantarum along with eight other Amaryllis species. Traub Amaryllis spectabilis G.Lodd. Hippeastrum cultivars and species can be grown inside in pots or outside in warmer climates (Hardiness 7B-11). Common Name(s): hippeastrum [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: ... Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. Blooming takes place about two months after planting. [28][96] One alkaloid isolated from Hippeastrum vittatum (montanine) has demonstrated antidepressant, anticonvulsant and anxiolytic properties. They are funnelform (funnel shaped)[21] and declinate (curving downwards and then upwards at the tip)[22] in shape. [31] Which species this was is not known precisely. This was accepted and Hippeastrum Herb. In 1819 Herbert had proposed Leopoldia as a nomen provisorium (provisional name)[13] for the same taxon as he called Hippeastrum in 1821. Following Filippo Parlatore in 1845, the name Leopoldia was used for a genus of grape hyacinth species, allied to Muscari. Many say this is the best hybrid on the market. [70][71][72][73] A fungal disease attacking Hippeastrum is Stagonospora curtisii (red blotch, red leaf spot or red fire). Taxonomy. [67] Pollinators include Humming birds in subtropical areas, and moths.[30]. The cultivar 'Clown' (Double Galaxy Group)[93] (white with red stripes) has received the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Although the market is dominated by the Netherlands,[71] and South Africa,[52] other areas of production include Israel, Japan and the United States (Florida). Common Name: Botanical Latin Name: Family Name Amaryllis Hippeastrum (Amaryllidaceae) Apple; Flowering Apple, Crab Apple: Malus spp. Many bulbs referred to as amaryllis are actually in the Hippeastrum family. Bot. ... Barbados lily Hippeastrum reginae . Pagka karon wala pay siak nga nalista ubos niini niya. Hippeastrum reginae in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. H. petiolatum is a sterile triploid that reproduces asexually, producing many bulbils around the mother bulb. [89] Fragrance is genetically related to flower colour (white, or pastel shades) and is a recessive characteristic, so that when fragrant and non fragrant varieties are crossed, not all progeny will be fragrant, whereas two fragrant progenitors will produce an all fragrant progeny. Common Name: amaryllis . [63], Hippeastrum hybrids and cultivars are valued for their large ornamental flowers, particularly for indoor cultivation during the northern hemisphere winter. A bulb needs to produce large, healthy leaves in the summer growing season before it can send up a scape the following year. Other species such as Hippeastrum reticulatum are self-pollinating, reproducing by distributing seed. The miniature evergreen Hippeastrum papilio or "butterfly amaryllis" whose petals resemble a butterfly (papilio) has a unique color and pattern with broad rose-burgundy center stripes and striations of pale green on the upper petals and narrow stripes on the bottom three. candimine)[95] and psychopharmacological activity due to their high alkaloid content. [66][verification needed], Some species, such as the Uruguayan Hippeastrum petiolatum, are sterile and unable to produce seeds. ... Common names. (Rosaceae) Autumn Joy Sedum : ... Strelitzia reginae (Streliziaceae) Black-Eyed Susan: Rudbekia spp. Three main methods are used for propagating Hippeastrum: seeds, bulbils and 'twin scales'. Home propagation is best performed by using offset bulbils. [90], Of the many hybrids, the best known are those producing flowers with red, pink, salmon, orange and white colors. [86][87][88], Most modern cultivars lack any fragrance although 'Dancing Queen' represents an exception. Debate about the true name of this plant, grown from a large sized bulb, has raged for centuries (literally) and the eventual winner was Hippeastrum. The perianth has six brightly colored tepals (three outer sepals and three inner petals) that may be similar in appearance or very different. The most common commercial propagation method is referred to as 'twin scales'. [70], Twin scales The first issue is whether the name should more properly be Amaryllis L.. Amaryllis reginae Additional title: Hippeastrum Reginae ; Amaryllis de la reine [Mexican Lily] Names Redouté, Pierre Joseph, 1759-1840 (Artist) Collection. is now a nomen conservandum (conserved name), i.e., the correct name regardless of the fact that it does not have priority over Leopoldia. Seeds This involves the division of the bulb into 12 sections and then separating each section into twin scales connected by the basal plate. This paper sparked a debate over the next half century, that delayed the official transfer of species from Amaryllis to Hippeastrum. [52][63][83], The late 19th and early 20th century saw Amaryllis breeding develop in the United States, particularly in Texas, California, and Florida in conjunction with the USDA (1910–1939). English. albertii (Lem.) This name is a synonym of Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb.. [14][48] Although Leopoldia was subsequently validated (i.e., became the correct name), this was overlooked, and Hippeastrum rather than Leopoldia was used for the genus of New World amaryllids. [30] The flower name has even been compared to the mediaeval weapon, the spoked mace or Morning Star which it superficially resembles. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. [b][41] Linnaeus had earlier worked on the Estate of George Clifford near Haarlem between 1735 and 1737 describing the plants growing there in his Hortus Cliffortianus in 1738. Crossing these two species with the best of the Reginae strain produced a lineage of very large open flowered specimens, with up to 4-6 flowers on each scape. By contrast the generic name Amaryllis applies to bulbs from South Africa, usually grown outdoors. In 1878 he described nine sections of the genus,[55] but by 1888 he included seven subgenera, namely (number of species in parentheses) Habranthus (10), Phycella (3), Rhodophiala (5), Macropododastrum (1), Omphalissa (6), Aschamia (10) and Lais (3), some of which have since been treated as separate genera (Habranthus, Rhodophiala). [52], The Reginae strain hybrids were produced by Jan de Graaff and his two sons in the Netherlands in the mid 19th century by crossing Hippeastrum vitatum and Hippeastrum striatum with Hippeastrum psittacinum and some of the better hybrids available in Europe at the time. More recently growing them in sunlight produce a better crop. [18] The name Hippeastrum, given to it by William Herbert, means "knight's star", although precisely what Herbert meant by the name is not certain. Cultivars of Hippeastrum are popular indoor ornamental plants prized for their large brightly colored flowers (including red, pink, salmon, orange and white). Note too, that Hippeastrum can also be grown in the ground in temperate areas. [74] The leaves are also eaten by grasshoppers, and grasshoppers commonly plant egg pods in the ground near Hippeastrum bulbs, which erupt in the spring, covering the plant with nymphs. [20] Hippeastrum reginae (HPSRG) Menu. One mechanism that limits self-pollination is that of self-incompatibility by which seeds are only produced by pollination from other plants. Accepted name Mexican lily Plantae ... Common Names. 2.0 2.1; Mga sumpay ha gawas Name Language; Mexican lily: English: Propose photo. Bulbs from the South African growers usually put up a scape and leaves at the same time (synanthous). Linnaeus was aware in 1738 that several species were called Belladonna, but named this one Amaryllis reginae in the Systema Naturae ed. Waray hini subspecies nga nakalista. The bulbs are generally between 5–12 cm (2"–5") in diameter and produce two to seven long-lasting evergreen or deciduous leaves that are 30–90 cm (12"–36") long and 2.5–5 cm (1"–2") wide. Reginae Reticulatum var. [52], In 1946, two Dutch growers moved to South Africa and began cultivation there. The commonest bulbs measure ​10 1⁄2 to ​12 1⁄2 inches (27 to 32 cm) with two scapes with four to six flowers each depending on the cultivar. Amaryllis fulgida Ker Gawl. It has been crossed with both cybister and single flower cultivars to produce hybrids with unusual striping.[90][91]. The leaves are hysteranthous (develop after flowering), sessile (borne directly from the stem or peduncle), rarely persistent and subpetiolate.[19]. Some species are found as far north as Mexico and the West Indies. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as a synonym (record 278264) with original publication details: Amaryllidaceae 139 1837. For many years there was confusion among botanists over the generic names Amaryllis and Hippeastrum, resulting in the common name amaryllis used for cultivars of this genus, while the generic name Amaryllis was applied to bulbs from South Africa, usually grown outdoors. [94], Hippeastrum has yielded at least 64 isoquinoline alkaloids, which include anti-parasitic (e.g. Bulbs need light watering until the leaves and buds emerge, and need to be situated in a well-lit, cool place and watered as needed to maintain moderate soil moisture. had described c. 1781-3 (unpublished)[40] but soon after appearing in the Hortus Kewensis of 1789. [2], Described by Carl Linnaeus in 1759, as Amaryllis reginae, it was the type species for the genus. Description The amaryllis talked about on this page are actually hippeastrum bulbous plants. Hippeastrum regium Herb. Overwatering will cause bulb and root rot. For instance the 'knight's star' has been compared to Linnaeus' decoration as a Knight of the Order of the Polar Star. Many will bloom year after year provided they are given a dormant period in a cool, dark place for two months without water or fertilizer although some bulbs will start growing before the two-month period is up. ... Sites with Hippeastrum or Gardening Info. (syn. A number of subgenera have been proposed over the years. It thrives best in partial shade to full sun. [26] In the gynaecium, the ovary is inferior and trilocular with pluriovulate locules. The fruit forms a trivalve capsule containing seeds which are dry, flattened, obliquely winged or irregularly discoid, hardly ever turgid, and globose (spherical) or subglobose, with a brown or black phytomelanous testa.[28]. Common name: Hippeastrums, amaryllis, hippies Botanic name: Hippeastrum cultivars Description: Bold trumpet-shaped flowers appear in late spring to summer on hollow stems 40cm to 50cm (18-22″) tall. The major US contribution came from the work of Henry Nehrling and Theodore Mead, whose hybrids crossed with Dutch stock have produced some modern hybrids, although not matching the European strains. Some flowers have uniform colors or patterns on all six petals while others have more pronounced colors on the upper petals than on the lower ones.[90][78]. Plenty of bright indirect light will keep the Strelitzia reginae happy with plenty of blooms. Bulbs are usually sold in fall for early winter bloom. Hippeastrum petiolatum is a flowering perennial herbaceous bulbous plant, in the family Amaryllidaceae, native to Venezuela, Bolivia, Peru and Brazil. [42], At the time both South African and South American plants were placed in this same genus. Herb. Subsequent care is as for new bulbs, as described above. For instance in the 1870s and 1880s John Gilbert Baker considerably reorganised Hippeastrum. However, in 1795 William Curtis, described Amaryllis equestris or the Barbados lily in his Botanical Magazine, referring to Aiton: "The spatha is composed of two leaves, which standing up at a certain period of the plant's flowering like ears, give to the whole flower a fancied resemblance of a horse's head; whether LINNÆUS derived his name of equestris from this circumstance or not, he does not condescend to inform us."[32]. More Taxa Info; Guides; Places; Site Stats; Help; Video Tutorials; Log In or Sign Up It was transferred to Hippeastrum by William Herbert. He states; "I have named [them] Hippeastrum or Knights-star-lily, pursuing the idea which gave rise to the name Equestris" (p.12).[29]. This section is empty. Best results are obtained by transplanting every three to four years.[51][70][72][92]. Herb. [56] Baker both reduced the original number of species of Herbert, but also enlarged the genus by adding in other genera such as Habranthus, Phycella, Rhodophiala and Rhodolirion (also called Rhodolirium, and subsequently moved to Rhodophilia),[57] which he included as separate sections of Hippeastrum. [23] The tepals are united at the base to form a short tube, usually with a rudimentary scaly paraperigonium[24] with fimbriae[25] or a callose ridge present at the throat. Amaryllis equestris (Linn. Summering outdoors in four or five hours of direct sunlight, plus fertilizing lightly as the season progresses, will help develop buds for the next year. Espesye sa tanom nga asparagos nga una nga gihulagway ni Carl von Linné, ug nga gihatagan sa eksakto nga ngalan ni [[Herb ang Hippeastrum reginae. Mexican Lily (Hippeastrum reginae) in the Amaryllis Database - Garden.org New and Unread Tree-Mails In addition, he included many new species being discovered in South America, particularly Chile. gave rise to H. x johnsonii hort.. H. gracilis (not a valid name) is also used.. H. 'Red Lion' most popular cut flower cultivar is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a … This name and attribution was first published by William Aiton in 1789, in his Hortus Kewensis. ~San. Single, double, and miniature bulbs are the ones typically sold by nurseries and other stores for the holidays in December and for Valentine's Day and Easter. Hortus Camdenensis | Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Plants grown from this method take three to four years to bloom. 2.0 2.1; Gikan sa gawas nga tinubdan 2) In 1779 Johann Müller only wrote that the common name for this plant was Belladonna, and that it was described in Species Plantarum. Most Hippeastrum bulbs are tunicate (a protective dry outer layer and fleshy concentric inner scales or leaf bases). 2 (1762). Dutch bulbs usually produce flowers first, then, after they have finished blooming (hysteranthous), the plant will begin growing leaves. Bulbs sold as amaryllis and described as ready to bloom for the holidays belong to the genus Hippeastrum. Dates / Origin Date Issued: 1805 - 1816 Place: Paris Publisher: Chez l'Auteur, Impr. appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. Plant database entry for Mexican Lily (Hippeastrum reginae) with one image and 23 data details. [3], The second issue is whether the name should be Leopoldia. [52], Hippeastrum breeding began in 1799 when Arthur Johnson, a watchmaker in Prescot, England, crossed Hippeastrum reginae with Hippeastrum vitattum, obtaining hybrids that were later given the name Hippeastrum × 'Johnsonii' [79] (Johnson's amaryllis, 'hardy amaryllis' or St. Joseph's lily). Gard. Currently these subgenera are not widely used due to indistinct boundaries of some of the divisions. [27] The style is filiform, and the stigma trifid. ex Aiton, accepted name H. puniceum)[46][47] a plant which Carl Linnaeus' son, Linnaeus the Younger (Linn. The reduced size of the inner head and shoulders image symbolizes the diminution in a person caused by Huntington's disease. Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. [30][37] "Amaryllis" is also used in the name of some societies devoted to the genus Hippeastrum. fulgida (Ker Gawl.) 107), International Union for the Conservation of Nature, "What Do You Say to a Naked Lady? de Didot Jeune Edition: 2. éd. For more multimedia, look at Hippeastrum reginae on Wikimedia Commons . [36], Although the 1987 decision settled the question of the scientific name of the genus, the common name "amaryllis" continues to be used. Herbert proposed to call the genus, which he distinguished from Linnaeus' Amaryllis, Hippeastrum, or "knight's-star-lily".

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